At Case Western Reserve University:

  1. Knight, L.; Jimenez, J. C.; Tran, Q.; Zhao, M.; Pugh, M. H.; Brancel, C. D.; Zhang, H.; Li, R.; Yuan, Y.; Zhu, L.; Sauvé, G. “Tuning the charge transport properties of non-planar zinc(II) complexes of azadipyrromethene using solubilizing groups” Advance Article,

  2. Tran, Q. D.; Knight, L. R.; Rui, G.; Mason, G. T.; Kulatunga, P.; Bushnell, A. J.; Hou, B.; Zhu, L.; Rondeau-Gagné, S.; Sauvé, G. “Ester side chain functionalization enhances mechanical properties of poly(3-hexylthiophene) while maintaining high hole mobility: Macromolecules 2024, 57, 4544-4555.
  3. Jimenez, J. C.; Tran, Q.; Pugh, Madison H.; Brancel, C. D.; Rheingold, A. L.; Sauvé, G. “Zinc(II) complexes of azadipyrromethene: Effect of nature and placement of solubilizing groups on structural, thermal, electrochemical and optical properties” Dyes Pigm. 2023, 208, 110858.
  4. Zhao, M.; Jimenez, J. C.; Wang, C.; Rui, G.; Ma, T.; Lu, C.; Rheingold, A. L.; Li, R.; Zhu, L.; Sauvé, G. “Monofluorination of the naphthyls promotes pi-pi. Stacking and increase electron mobiity of non-planar zinc(II) complexes of. Di(naphthylethynyl) azadipyrromethene” Phys. Chem. C, 2022, 126, 15, 6543-6555.
  5. Jimenez, J. C.; Zhou, Z.; Rheingold, A. L.; Parker, S. M.; Sauvé, G. “Tuning the properties of azadipyrromethene-based near-infrared dyes using intramolecular BO chelation and peripheral substitutions” Inorg. Chem. 2021, 60, 13320-13331.
  6. Lu, C.; Wang, C.; Jimenez, J. C.; Rheingold, A. L.; Sauvé, G.  “Large non-planar conjugated molecule with strong intermolecular interactions achieved with homoleptic Zn(II) complex of di(5-quinolylethynyl)-tetraphenylazadipyrromethene” ACS Omega, 2020, 5, 31467-31472.
  7. Wang, C.; Zhao, M.; Rheingold, A.; Sauvé, G. “Structure-property study of homoleptic zinc(II) complexes of di(arylethynyl) azadipyrromethene as non-fullerene acceptors for organic photovoltaics: Effect of aryl group” Phys. Chem. C, 2020, 124, 8541-8549.
  8. Wang, C.; Daddario, C.; Pejić, S.; Sauvé, G. “Synthesis and properties of azadipyrromethene-based complexes with nitrile substitution” J. Org. Chem. 2020, 6, 714-722. DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201901736.
  9. Wang, C.; Wei, P.; Ngai, J. H. L.; Rheingold, A. L.; Gray, T. G.; Li, Y.; Pentzer, E.; Li, R.; Zhu, L.; Sauvé, G. “Organic photovoltaics with high industrial accessibility using a zinc(II) complex of di(naphthylethynyl)azadipyrromethene as non-fullerene acceptor” Mater. Chem. A. 2019, 7, 24614-24625.
  10. Fernando, R.; Pejić, S.; Thomsen, A M..; Wang, C.; Sauvé, G. “Azadipyrromethene-based near-IR dyes with styryl substituents at the pyrrolic positions for organic photovoltaic applications” Dyes Pigm., 2019, 168, 257-263.
  11. Sauvé, G. “Designing alternative non-fullerene molecular electron acceptors for solution-processable organic photovoltaics” Chem. Rec. (Special Edition: New Directions in Organic Solar Cells), 2019, 19, 1-16. A personal Account.
  12. Wang, C.; Zhang, Z.; Pejić, S.; Li, R.; Fukuto, M.; Zhu, L.; Sauvé, G. “High dielectric constant semiconducting poly(3-alkylthiophene)s from side chain modification with polar sulfinyl and sulfonyl groups” Macromolecule, 2018, 51, 9368-9381.
  13. Dai, Y; Wang, C.; Chiu, L.-Y.; Abbasi, K.; Tolbert, B.; Sauvé, G.; Yen, Y.; Liu, C.C. “Application of bioconjugation chemistry on biosensor fabrication for detection of TAR-DNA binding protein 43” Biosens. Bioelectron. 2018, 117, 60-67.
  14. DiScipio, R.; Sauvé, G.; Crespo-Hernandez, C. E. “Photodynamics in metal-chelating tetraphenylazadipyrromethene complexes: Implications for their potential use as photovoltaic materials” Phys. Chem. C 2018, 122, 13579-13589.
  15. Pejić, S.; Thomsen, A. M.; Etheridge, F. S.; Fernando, R.; Wang, C.; Sauvé, G. “Fluorination increases the electron mobility of zinc azadipyrromethene-based elecron acceptors and enhances the performance of fullerene-free organic solar cells” Mater. Chem. C  2018, 6, 3990-3998.
  16. Saini, A.; Etheridge, F. S.; Peters, K. C.; Pejić, S.; Gao, L.; Hellring, S. D.; Schuele, D. E.; Sauvé, G.; Singer, K. D. “Aqueous deposition of a semiconducting polymer by electrocoating” Electron. 2018, 53, 332-338.
  17. Zhao, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Pejic, S.; Zhang, G.; Zhu, Y.; Liu, H.*; Litt, M.; Sauve, G.*; Zhu, L.* “Synergistic dielectric and semiconducting properties in fluorescein monopotassium salt random copolymers” Polymer 2017, 114, 189-198.
  18. Vogelbaum, H. S.; Sauvé, G.* “Recently developed high-efficiency organic photoactive materials for printable photovoltaic cells: a mini review” Synth. Met. 2017, 223, 107-121.
  19. Smith, Z. C.; Wright, Z. M.; Arnold, A. M.; Sauvé, G.; McCullough, R. D.; Sydlik, S. A.* “Increased Toughness and Excellent Electronic Properties in Regioregular Random Copolymers of 3-Alkylthiophenes and Thiophene” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2017, 3, 1600316.
  20. Etheridge, F. S.; Fernando, R. J.; Pejić, S.; Zeller, M.; Sauvé, G.* “Synthesis and Characterization of Fluorinated Azadipyrromethene Complexes as Acceptors for Organic Photovoltaics” Beilstein J. Org. Chem. 2016, 12, 1925-1938.
  21. Sauve, G.*, Fernando, R. “Beyond Fullerenes: Designing alternative molecular electron acceptors for solution-processable bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics”, Phys, Chem. Lett. 2015, 6, 3770-3780.
  22. Daddario, C. M.; Han, Q.; Zeller, M.; Sauve, G.* “Azadipyrromethene-based near-infrared dyes: Effect of thienylethynyl substitution at the distal and proximal phenyls”, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2015 6,3770-3780.
  23. Etheridge, F. S.; Fernando, R.; Golen, J. A.; Rheingold, A. L.; Sauve, G.* “Tuning optoelectronic properties of core-substituted naphthalene diimides by the selective conversion of imides to monothioimides”, RSC Adv. 2015,5, 46534-46539.
  24. Fernando, R.; Etheridge, F.; Muller, E.; Sauve, G.* “Effect of vinylphenyl N-substituent on the opto-electronic properties of core-substituted naphthalenediimides”, New J. Chem. 2015, 39, 2506-2514.
  25. Senevirathna, W.; Liao, J.-Y.; Gu, J.; Porter, M.; Wang, C.; Fernando, R.; Sauve, G.* “Synthesis, characterization and photovoltaic properties of electron accepting azadipyrromethene-based dyes: effect of pyrrolic substituents”, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 4203-4214.
  26. Mao, Z.; Le, T.; Vakhshouri, K.; Fernando, R.; Ruan, F.; Muller, E.; Gomez, E. D.; Sauve, G.* “Core-substituted naphthalene diimide acceptor-based organic solar cell: effect of processing additive”, Org. Electron, 2014, 15, 3384-3391.
  27. Mao Z.; Senevirathna, W.; Liao, J.-Y.; Gu, J.; Vajjala Kesava, S.; Guo, C.; Gomez, E. D.; Sauve, G. “Azadipyrromethene-based Zn(II) complexes as non-planar conjugated electron acceptors for organic photovoltaics”, Adv. Mater., 2014, 26, 6290-6294.
  28. Senevirathna, W.; Daddario, C. M.; Sauve, G. “Density functional theory study predicts low reorganization energies for azadipyrromethene-based metal complexes”, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2014, 5, 935-941.
  29. Fernando, R.; Mao, Z.; Muller, E.; Ruan, F.; Sauvé, G. “Tuning the organic solar cell performance of acceptor 2,6-dialkylaminonaphthalene diimides by varying a linker between the imide nitrogen and a thiophene group”, J. Phys. Chem. C.2014, 118, 3433-3442.
  30. Senevirathna, W.; Sauvé, G.* “Introducing 3D conjugated acceptors with intense red absorption: homoleptic metal (II) complexes of di(phenylacetylene) azadipyrromethene”, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2013, 1, 6684-6694.
  31. Fernando, R.; Mao, Z.; Sauvé, G.* “Synthesis and Characterization of Rod-like Oligomers Incorporating 2,6-dialkylamino Core-substituted Naphthalene Diimide” Org. Electron.2013, 14, 1683-1692.
  32. Mao, Z.; Vakhshouri, K.; Jaye, C.; Fischer, D. A.; Fernando,  R.; DeLongchamp, D. M.; Gomez,  E. D.; Sauvé, G.* “Synthesis of Perfluoroalkyl End-Functionalized Poly(3-hexylthiophene) and the Effect of Fluorinated End-Groups on Solar Cell Performance” Macromolecules, 2013, 46, 103-112.
  33. Gao, L.; Tang, S.; Zhu, L.; Sauvé, G.* “Synthesis and Characterization of Azadipyrromethene- altp-Phenylene Ethynylene Conjugated Polymers and Their Chelates” Macromolecules 2012, 45, 7404-7412.
  34. Gao, L.; Senevirathna, R.; Sauvé, G.. “Azadipyrromethene-Based Conjugated Oligomers with Near-IR Absorption and High Electron Affinity” Org. Lett., 2011, 13, 5354-5357.

Prior to Case Western Reserve University:

  1. Sauvé, G.; Javier, A. E.; Zhang, R.; Liu, J.; Sydlik, S. A.; Kowalewski,T.; McCullough, R. D. “Well-defined, high molecular weight poly(3-alkylthiophene)s in thin-film transistors: side chain invariance in field-effect mobility” J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 3195-3201.
  2. Osaka, I.; Zhang, R.; Sauvé, G.; Smilgies, D.-M.; Kowalewski, T.; McCullough, R. D. “High-Lamellar Ordering and Amorphous-Like p-Network in Short-Chain thiazolothiazole-Thiophene Copolymers Lead to High Mobilities’, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131(7), 2521-2529.
  3. Liu, J.; Zhang, R.; Sauvé, G.; Kowalewski, T.; McCullough, R. D. “Highly Disordered Polymer Field Effect Transistors: N-alkyl dithieno[3,2-b:2′,3′-d]pyrroles-based Copolymers with Surprisingly High Charge Carrier Mobilities”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2008, 130(39), 13167-13176.
  4. Singh, K. A.; Sauvé, G.; Zhang, R.; Kowalewski, T.; McCullough, R. D.; Porter, L. M. “Dependence of Field-Effect Mobility and Contact Resistance on Nanostructure in Regioregular Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Thin Film Transistors”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2008, 92, 263303.
  5. Osaka, I.; Sauvé, G.; Zhang, R.; Kowalewski, T.; McCullough, R. D. “Novel Thiophene-Thiazolothiazole Copolymers for Organic Field-Effect Transistors”, Adv. Mater., 2007,19(23) 4160-4165.
  6. Sauvé, G.; McCullough, R. D. “High Field-Effect Mobilities for Diblock Copolymers of Poly(3-hexylthiophene) and Poly(methyl acrylate)”, Adv. Mater., 2007, 19(14) 1822-1825.
  7. Li, B.; Santhanmam, S.; Schultz, L.; Jeffries-EL, M.; Iovu, M. C.; Sauvé, G.; Cooper, J.; Zhang, R.; Revelli, J. C.; Kusne, A. G.; Snyder, J. L.; Kowalewski, T.; Weiss, L. E.; McCullough, R. D.; Fedder, G. K.; Lambeth, D. N.; “Inkjet Printed Chemical Sensor Array Based on Polythiophene Conductive Polymers”, Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, 2007, B123, 651-660.
  8. Li, B.; Sauvé, G.; Iovu, M. C.; Zhang, R.; Cooper, J.; Santhanam, S.; Schultz, L.; Revelli, J. C.; Kusne, A. G.; Kowalewski, T.; Snyder, J. L.; Weiss, L. E.; Fedder, G. K.; McCullough, R. D.; Lambeth, D. N.; “Volatile Organic Compound Detection Using Nanostructured Copolymers”, Nano Lett., 2006, 6 (8) 1598-1602.
  9. Zhang, R.; Li, B.; Iovu, M.; Jeffries-EL, M.; Sauvé, G.; Cooper, J.; Jia, S.; Tristram-Nagle, S.; Smilgies, D. M.; Lambeth, D. N.; McCullough, R. D.; Kowalewski, T. “Nanostructure Dependence of Field-Effect Mobility in Regioregular Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Thin Film Field Effect Transistors”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, 128(11), 3480-3481.
  10. Jeffries-EL, M.; Sauvé, G.; McCullough, R. D. “Facile Synthesis of End-Functionalized Regioregular Poly(3-alkylthiophene)s via Modified Grignard Metathesis Reaction”, Macromolecules, 2005, 38(25), 10346-10352.
  11. Ewbank, P. C.; Loewe, R. S.; Zhai, L.; Reddinger, J.; Sauvé, G.; McCullough, R. D. “Regioregular Poly(thiophene-3-alkanoic acid)s: Water Soluble Conducting Polymers Suitable for Chromatic Chemosensing in Solution and Solid State”, Tetrahedron, 2004, 60(49), 11269-11275.
  12. Jeffries-EL, M.; Sauvé, G.; McCullough, R. D. “In-situ End-group Functionalization of Regioregular Poly(3-alkylthiophene) Using the Grignard Metathesis Polymerization Method”, Adv. Mater., 2004, 16(12), 1017-1019.
  13. Sauvé, G.; Cass, M. E.; Coia, G.; Doig, S. J.; Lauermann, I.; Pomykal, K. E.; Lewis, N. S. “Dye Sensitization of Nanocrystalline Titanium Dioxide with Osmium and Ruthenium Polypyridyl Complexes”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2000, 104, 6821-6836.
  14. Sauvé, G.; Cass, M. E.; Doig, S. J.; Lauermann, I.; Pomykal, K. E.; Lewis, N. S. “High Quantum Yield Sensitization of Nanocrystalline Titanium Dioxide Photoelectrodes with cis-Dicyanobis(4,4′-dicarboxy-2,2′-bipyridine)osmium(II) or Tris(4,4′-dicarboxy-2,2′-bipyridine)osmium(II) Complexes”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2000, 104, 3488-3491.
  15. Kamat, P. V.; Sauvé, G.; Guldi, D. M.; Asmus, K.-D. “Radical Reactions of C84”, Res. Chem. Intermed., 1997, 23, 575-585.
  16. Sauvé G.; Kamat, P. V.; Thomas, K. G.; Thomas, K. J.; Das, S.; George, M. V. “Photochemistry of Squaraine Dyes: Excited Triplet State and Redox Properties of Crown Ether Squaraines”, J. Phys. Chem., 1996, 100(6), 2117-2123.
  17. Serpone, N.; Sauvé, G.; Koch, R.; Tahiri, H.; Pichat, P.; Piccinini, P.; Pelizzetti, E.; Hidaka, H. “Standardization Protocole of Process Efficiencies and Activation Parameters in Heterogeneous Photocatalysis: Relative Photonic Efficiencies xr”, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 1996, 94(2,3), 191-203.
  18. Sauvé, G.; Kamat, P. V.; Ruoff, R. S. “Excited Triplet and Reduced Forms of C84”, J. Phys. Chem, 1995, 99, 2162-2165.
  19. Sauvé, G.; Dimitrijevic, N. M.; Kamat, P. V. “Singlet and Triplet Excited State Behaviors of C60 in Nonreactive and Reactive Polymer Films”, J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 1199-1203.
  20. Serpone, N.; Terzian, R.; Lawless, D.; Kennepohl, P.; Sauvé, G. “On the Usage of Turnover Numbers and Quantum Yields in Heterogeneous Photocatalysis”, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A: Chem., 1993, 73(1), 11-16.


Book chapters

Sauve, G. “Non-Fullerene Acceptors” in “World Scientific Handbook of Organic Optoelectronic Devices”, Editor-in-chief: Franky So, Volume 2: “Organic Photovoltaics (OPVs)” Editor: Barry C Thompson. World Scientific, Aug 2018, p. 31-87.

Ewbank, P. C.; Stefan, Mihaela C.; Sauve, G.; McCullough R. D., “Synthesis, characterization and properties of regioregular polythiophene-based materials, in Handbook of Thiophene-based Materials:Applications in Organic Electronics and Photonics”, Wiley, 2009.